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Young Che Guevara Biography

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Young Che Guevara Biography

            Young Che Guevara   Young Che Guevara

A Marxist revolutionary, doctor, novelist, guerrilla commander, diplomat, and military strategist, Ernesto Young Che Guevara (Spanish:]; 14 June 1928 – 9 October 1967) was an Argentinean. His iconic likeness has been a countercultural emblem of defiance and a global insignia since his prominence in the Cuban Revolution.

The poverty, starvation, and disease that Guevara saw throughout South America as a young medical student radicalized him. Guevara’s political ideology was cemented by the CIA’s role in overthrowing Guatemalan President Jacobo Rbenz, whose social reforms he supported because he believed they would help end the United States’ capitalist exploitation of Latin America. 

Overthrowing U.S.-backed dictator Fulgencio Batista was Guevara’s goal when he joined Ral and Fidel Castro’s 26th of July Movement in Mexico City and traveled to Cuba on the yacht Granma. 

The revolutionaries quickly elevated Guevara to second in command, and he played a crucial part in the two-year guerrilla struggle that ultimately toppled the Batista regime. 

  • Guevara was instrumental in the new Cuban government after the revolution.
  •  He served as President of the National Bank and as the instructional director for Cuba’s armed forces;
  •  He instituted agrarian land reform as Minister of Industries;
  •  He helped launch a successful nationwide literacy campaign;
  •  He traveled the world as a diplomat on behalf of Cuban socialism, and he reviewed the appeals of those convicted as war criminals during the revolutionary tribunals and oversaw their execution by firing squad. 
  • Such positions also allowed him to play a significant part in transporting Soviet nuclear-armed ballistic missiles to Cuba before the 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis and in training the militia troops that fought the Bay of Pigs Invasion. 
  • He wrote a classic on guerrilla warfare and a best-seller about his childhood spent around the continent on a motorbike. 
  • Based on his personal experiences and research into Marxism-Leninism, he concluded that imperialism, neocolonialism, and monopoly capitalism are to blame for the underdevelopment and reliance of the Third World and that proletarian internationalism and a global revolution are the only viable solutions.

 After failing to spark a revolution in Congo-Kinshasa, young Guevara traveled to Bolivia, where he was caught by Bolivian forces with the help of the CIA and promptly executed.

Numerous biographies, memoirs, essays, documentaries, songs, and films have shown Guevara in contrasting light, cementing his status as a polarising historical figure. 

  • Guevara has become a universal symbol for leftist causes thanks to his mythic status as a martyr, 
  • His poetic invocations of class conflict, 
  • And his quest to shape the mind of a “new man” motivated by principles rather than material gain. 
  • In contrast, his opponents on the right have charged him with advocating dictatorship and even condoning violence against his political opponents. 
  • Time magazine named him one of the century’s 100 most influential people, while historians disagree on the extent of his impact. 
  • One of his portraits by Alberto Korda, named Guerillero Heroico, has been dubbed; it has been called “the most famous photograph in the world” by the Maryland Institute of Art. 

Earlier Years of Young Che Guevera

1928 On June 14, in Rosario, Argentina, Ernesto Guevara was born to Ernesto Guevara Lynch and Celia de la Serna y Llosa. Although “Ernesto Guevara” was listed as his given name at birth, it is not uncommon to see the surnames “de la Serna” or “Lynch” attached to the end of his name.

He was the oldest of five kids born to affluent Spaniards (Basque, Cantabrian) and Irish who settled in Argentina before independence. In the 18th century, two of Guevara’s relatives made headlines:

Patrick Lynch, an Irish immigrant to the Ro de la Plata Governorate, and Luis Mara Peralta, a famous Spanish landowner in colonial California. His father once said; The blood of the Irish rebels coursed through my son’s veins on June 14, and it’s the first thing to remember about that day.”
” referring to Che’s “restless” personality.
According to Irish actress Maureen O’Hara, Che Guevara enjoyed discussing the guerilla conflict that had taken place in Ireland. He informed her that his grandmother had taught him everything he knew about Ireland and that he had been there when the Battle of the Boyne took place.

An “affinity for the poor” emerged early in Ernestito’s (then known as that) existence. Even as a young boy, Guevara was exposed to various political viewpoints because of his left-leaning family.
His father, a Republican sympathizer during the Spanish Civil War, often hosted war veterans at the Guevara residence. After briefly considering a career in selling insecticides as a young man, he was forced to abandon his efforts after suffering a severe asthmatic reaction to the chemicals while experimenting with effective mixtures of talc and gammaxene under the brand name Vendaval.

Swimming, football, golf, shooting, and eventually becoming an “untiring” cyclist were all areas in which he excelled despite the frequent episodes of acute asthma that plagued him throughout his life.
He played fly-half for Club Universitario de Buenos Aires and was a dedicated rugby union player. El Furibundo (furious) and his mother’s surname, de la Serna, were shortened to “Fuser” when he played rugby aggressively.

Literary and Intellectual Pursuits

By the time he was 12, Guevara had learned the game of chess from his father and was competing in local tournaments. He was a lifelong poetry enthusiast who developed an early appreciation for the works of Pablo Neruda, John Keats, Antonio Machado, Federico Garcia Lorca, Gabriela Mistral, César Vallejo, and Walt Whitman.

 Even more impressively, he also knew by heart Rudyard Kipling’s If… and José Hernández’s Martin Fierro. With almost three thousand volumes at his disposal, Che Guevara indulged his voracious appetite for literature, ranging from Karl Marx and William Faulkner to André Gide and Jules Verne.

 The works of Jawaharlal Nehru, Franz Kafka, Albert Camus, Vladimir Lenin, and Jean-Paul Sartre were among his favorites, as were those of Anatole France, Friedrich Engels, H. G. Wells, and Robert Frost.

He became fascinated with the works of Latin American authors like Horacio Quiroga and Ciro Alegra as he matured, as well as Jorge Icaza, Rubén Daro, and Miguel Asturias. 

He compiled prominent thinkers’ thoughts, definitions, and philosophies into his handwritten notebooks. Critical sketches of Buddha and Aristotle were among these, as were analyses of Bertrand Russell and patriotism/love, Jack London and society, and Nietzsche and the afterlife. 

He was clearly captivated by Sigmund Freud’s theories, as seen by his numerous citations of the man on everything from libido and dreams to narcissism and the Oedipus complex.

 His favorite classes were philosophy, mathematics, engineering, politics, sociology, history, and archaeology. 

Declassified documents from the CIA describe Guevara as “quite well read” and “fairly intellectual for a Latino,” praising his broad academic interests and noting that he is “fairly intellectual for a Latino” (13 February 1958).

Young Che Guevara’s Motorcycle Adventure

How Che Guevara’s Motorcycle Adventure Shaped Him into a Revolutionary

Che Guevara’s formative years were spent traveling across five nations in South America, an experience that ultimately influenced him to become a Marxist revolutionary.

Before Che Guevara was a Marxist guerilla leader, he was a revolutionary symbol splashed on T-shirts; before he was even known as “Che,” he was on an epic road trip with a friend and a bike that would forever alter his life and the path of history. When traveling north, “all we could see was the dust on the road ahead and ourselves on the bike,” Guevara wrote. 

Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna, a 23-year-old Argentine medical student, left Cordoba, Argentina, in the winter of 1951 on the back of his friend Alberto Granado’s vintage Norton 500cc motorcycle. 

Guevara, at 25, and Granado, a biochemist in his late twenties, were close friends for almost a decade despite their age gap. Both intellectually curious and eager for adventure, the two embarked on a journey up South America’s spine.

How a Rebel Is Formed

Young Che Guevara

Professor of Latin American history at University College London and author of Che’s Travels: The Making of a Revolutionary in 1950s Latin America Paulo Drinot believes Guevara’s social awareness had already begun to grow during his past travels in Argentina and overseas. 

“Che grew up in a financially struggling upper-middle-class family that was nonetheless intellectually engaged with and aware of political processes,” he explains.

 “His early social consciousness manifested itself in his interest in medicine as a career and profession,” the author writes.

The two buddies left Cordoba and traveled to Buenos Aires and Miramar before crossing the arid pampas and climbing into the Andes. Guevara’s asthma flared up early in the trip, and he also had the flu and dealt with the emotional fallout of his fiancée breaking up with him by letter.

Granado’s bike, which he had dubbed “the mighty one” (La Poderosa II), broke down in Chile after experiencing its fair share of problems. The travelers had become “bums without wheels,” as Guevara said. 

But they persisted, making their way north by hitchhiking, walking, riding horses, and even stowing away on a ship through deserts and rainforests. They camped under the stars and slept in garages, barns, and police stations.

Aside from the typical tourist attractions, they also visited places like the massive copper mine in the Chilean town of Chuquicamata, owned and operated by an American multinational corporation. There, Guevara saw firsthand how the mine employees were exploited. 

 According to the author, “Chile should make the greatest effort possible to shake its uncomfortable Yankee friend from its back.” Guevara, Che

The two Argentines witnessed the abject poverty indigenous people in Peru were forced to live in due to their status as second-class citizens. Guevara said these townsfolk who stand and watch as we pass past are a defeated race.

 The expressions on their faces are mild, timid, and uninterested in the world around them. For some people, life is really a habit they can’t break.

Granado and Guevara sailed down the Amazon River. Then, they spent two weeks in a leper colony in eastern Peru, where they witnessed the compassionate care of 600 leprosy patients. 

Guevara opined that “the psychological lift it gives to these poor people,” which consisted of “treating them as normal human beings instead of animals, as they are used to,” was “incalculable.”

The medical student’s travels, including North and South America, broadened his perspective. At a birthday party in his honor at the leper colony, he declared, 

A single mestizo race with striking ethnographical similarities from Mexico to the Magellan Straits, “the division of America into unstable and illusionary nations is completely fictional.” I propose a drink to Peru and a United Latin America to lighten the narrow provincialism load.

After abandoning their Mambo-Tango, a wooden raft, in the face of the Amazon’s raging rapids and swarming mosquitoes, the two continued their journey to Leticia, Colombia, where they stayed for nine days and trained a local soccer team with the future guerilla leader playing goalie.

After taking off from Santa Fé in what Guevara called “a cocktail-shaker of an airplane,” the couple traveled by bus and truck to Caracas, Venezuela, where they eventually split up. While his friend spent three weeks in the United States after flying to Miami, Granado started working at a local leprosy clinic.

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Mexico exile

On September 21, 1954, Guevara landed in Mexico City, where he would serve in the General Hospital’s allergy department and the Hospital Infantil de Mexico.

 In addition to his employment as a news photographer for Latina News Agency, he also lectured on medical topics at the Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico. 

Hilda, Guevara’s first wife, writes in her memoir My Life with Che that he was upset by the poverty he saw every day and considered becoming a doctor in Africa. 

Hilda says that while Guevara was treating an elderly washerwoman, he became fixated on her because he considered her “representative of the most forgotten and exploited class.

” A poem written by Che and dedicated to the elderly lady was later discovered by Hilda; it read, 

His bond with ico López and the other Cuban refugees he had met in Guatemala was rekindled during this time. He met Raul Castro, who introduced him to his brother, Fidel Castro, in June 1955.

 Fidel Castro was the revolutionary leader behind the July 26 Movement, preparing to destroy Fulgencio Batista’s rule. Guevara joined the July 26 Movement after a lengthy talk with Fidel on their first night together, which led him to believe that the Cuban’s cause was the one he had been searching for.

 Che and Fidel, despite their “contrasting personalities,” began cultivating what Simon Reid-Henry, author of a dual biography, called a “revolutionary friendship that would change the world” due to their shared opposition to imperialism at this period.

At this point in his life, Guevara had concluded that corporations with U.S. control were behind the installation and support of repressive regimes worldwide. He saw Batista as “a U.S. puppet whose strings needed cutting,” and so on. 

Guevara joined the Movement’s military training alongside the other members despite his intention to serve as the group’s physician. Learning guerrilla hit-and-run tactics constituted the bulk of instruction. 

Guevara and the others endured grueling 15-hour marches across mountains, rivers, and dense foliage to perfect their ambush and rapid retreat techniques. 

Guevara was the “prize student” of trainer Alberto Bayo from the beginning, consistently scoring at the top of the class. General Bayo declared him “the best guerrilla of them all” when the training was complete.

In September 1955, Guevara married Hilda in Mexico and began planning to help in Cuba’s liberation.

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Fidel Castro and Che Guevara Join Forces in Cuba

The young medical student was profoundly affected by the social injustice, economic inequality, capitalist exploitation, and political persecution he witnessed during the 8,000-mile journey from the Andes to the Amazon. 

When he returned, he realized, “I am not the person I once was,” he wrote. One traveler said, 

  • “Che’s politicization was largely a product of his travels,” Drinot explains. “The first trip he took, in 1951–1952, was to Cuba; 
  • The second trip in 1953 was to Guatemala and then Mexico.”
  •  This was due, in part, to his personal encounters with poverty and injustice in Latin America and his insights into those issues. 

The left-leaning political personalities he encountered simultaneously left a more significant impression on him than the right-leaning ones they met simultaneously. At last, he blamed the United States for Latin America’s difficulties, which drove him to embrace Marxist ideology.

Guevara joined the Cuban Revolution in 1954 after graduating from medical school after meeting Fidel Castro in Mexico. His friendship with Granado was something he treasured forever. 

Granado came to Cuba in 1961 after accepting an invitation from the guerilla leader to do so. The early 1990s saw the publication of Guevara’s lengthy journal of the duo’s transcontinental journey, which would later serve as the inspiration for the 2004 movie “The Motorcycle Diaries.”

Young CHE GAVEERAErnesto Guevara stayed in Guatemala for a little over nine months. Guevara’s second journey began on July 7, 1953. It took him to Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador.

 Before departing San José, Costa Rica, for Guatemala on December 10, 1953,young Che Guevara updated his aunt Beatriz with some news. Guevara writes that his travels around the United Fruit Company’s territory led him to conclude that the UFC’s capitalist system was terrible for ordinary people.

Guevara used an angry tone to intimidate his more conservative family. He concluded the letter by swearing the recently died Joseph Stalin that he would not give up the fight until the “octopuses” were defeated.

Guevara traveled to Guatemala later that month, where democratically elected President Jacobo Rbenz worked to dismantle the latifundia agricultural system through land reform and other programs. 

President Rbenz had undertaken a significant land reform program to seize all uncultivated regions of extensive land holdings and distribute them to landless peasants. 

Over 225,000 acres (91,000 hectares) of uncultivated land have been taken from the United Fruit Company, the largest landowner and the most affected by the changes. 

Ernesto “Che” Guevara relocated to Guatemala to refine his skills and develop himself as a revolutionary.

In Guatemala City, Che Guevara looked for the Peruvian economist and member of the left-leaning Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana (APRA), Hilda Gadea Acosta. 

She connected Che Guevara with several influential members of the Benz administration. After July 26, 1953, Guevara contacted a group of Cuban exiles connected to Fidel Castro. During this time, he became known by his now-iconic moniker, “che,” a filler phrase common in Argentine Spanish (similar to the Canadian English syllable “eh”). 

Helena Leiva de Holst was one of the Central American exiles who received Guevara in Guatemala. She fed and housed him, told him about her studies of Marxism in Russia and China, and was honored with the revolutionary’s poem “Invitación al Camino.”

May 1954 saw the arrival in Puerto Barrios of a ship dispatched by communist Czechoslovakia for the Benz government, carrying infantry and small artillery weaponry. 

Since President Eisenhower in 1953 ordered a multi-pronged CIA operation codenamed PB Success to topple Rbenz from power, the United States government responded by bombarding Guatemala with anti-rbenz propaganda via radio and air-dropped leaflets and by beginning bombing raids using unmarked airplanes. 

The United States also backed a military coup led by Carlos Castillo Armas, consisting of several hundred anti-rbenz Guatemalan refugees and mercenaries. A resignation was announced by Benz on June 27. 

Because of this, any government that tried to address the persistent socioeconomic inequality in Latin America or other emerging countries was doomed to fail. Guevara said this about the coup attempt:

The United States’ cold, calculated onslaught brought down the last revolutionary democracy in Latin America, Jacobo Rbenz. John Foster Dulles, the Secretary of State, was also an investor and attorney for the United Fruit Company, making him the organization’s public face. 

The only way to change these conditions, Guevara thought, was to implement Marxism by armed conflict and have the people defend it with their own weapons. Gadea reflected on his decision to take up arms against imperialism and how Guatemala played a pivotal role in this realization. He knew for sure by the time he left.

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As A Commander

Attack by Batista

Batista attempted to eradicate the rebels for good that summer of 1958 by sending a massive army into the mountains. This plan of action could have been more successful. The rebels were familiar with the terrain and could outrun the troops.

 Due to low morale, several soldiers either quit or switched sides. By the end of 1958, Castro had decided that he needed to deliver the final blow. One of the three columns he deployed into the country’s heart was led by Che himself.

Clara Santa

Che’s mission was to seize control of Santa Clara, a key city in the area. In writing, it had the appearance of suicide. About 2,500 federal forces, complete with tanks and fortifications, were present. About 300 hungry, unarmed guys were all Che had at his disposal. 

The people of Santa Clara were mainly on the insurgents’ side, and morale among the Cuban soldiers was low. The fighting started when Che arrived on December 28. As of the 31st of December, the rebels had taken over the city and police headquarters but not the fortified barracks. 

When Batista learned of Che’s win, he knew it was time to leave, and the men inside refused to fight or come out. Batista’s downfall was precipitated by the decisive conflict of Santa Clara, the most significant single conflict of the Cuban Revolution.

It’s Post-Revolution Time

The rebels, led by Che, rode into Havana in victory and immediately established a new administration. Che, who during his time in the mountains had ordered the execution of several traitors, was tasked with helping Ral track out, try, and execute ex-Batista officials. 

She oversaw the trials of hundreds of Batista associates, most of whom served in the armed services. Most of these cases resulted in a guilty verdict and a death sentence. 

She was a firm believer in the Revolution and communism despite the wrath of the international community. He believed that individuals who had backed tyranny should be punished as an example to others.

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Jobs in the Government

She was kept exceedingly busy in post-Revolution Cuba since he was one of Fidel Castro’s few trusted men. He now oversees both the Cuban Bank and the Ministry of Industry. 

But Che was restless, so he traveled extensively as a revolutionary envoy to raise Cuba’s profile overseas. During his term in office, Che oversaw the communication of a large portion of Cuba’s economy. 

He had a significant role in bringing Soviet missiles to Cuba and developing ties between the USSR and Cuba. Naturally, this played a significant role in the Cuban Missile Crisis.

A Revolutionary Named Ché

In 1965, Che realized he wasn’t cut out for a career in government, even at a high level. His destiny was to travel the world preaching Revolution. He then withdrew from public view (fueling false rumors of tension between him and Fidel).

 He set about plotting revolutions in other countries. She traveled to the Congo to back a revolution led by Laurent Désiré Kabila because communists believed the continent was the weak link in the world’s Western capitalist/imperialist control.

Left over the Government and Fedal Castro and went to Congo.

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Congo

A letter from Che declaring his determination to propagate revolution and combat imperialism wherever he might find it was read to everyone in Cuba by Fidel after Che had left.

 Che’s revolutionary pedigree and ideals weren’t enough to save the Congo endeavor from failure. A large mercenary force led by the South African “Mad” Mike Hoare was dispatched to eliminate them once it became clear that Kabila could not be trusted and that Che and the other Cubans had been unable to recreate the conditions of the Cuban Revolution.

 However, Che’s Cuban allies persuaded him to go rather than stay and become a martyr in the war. After nearly nine months, Che left the Congo, feeling it was one of his biggest mistakes.

Bolivia

Che planned to launch another communist revolution, this time in Argentina, once he returned to Cuba. He was persuaded by Fidel and the others that he would have better success in Bolivia. As early as 1966, Che visited Bolivia. 

This endeavor was doomed to fail from the outset. Clandestine communists in Bolivia were meant to back Che and the 50 or so Cubans who followed him. 

Still, they proved unreliable and may have been the ones who betrayed him. The CIA, which was in Bolivia then to train Bolivian officers in counterinsurgency methods, was another foe he faced. The CIA quickly learned of Che’s presence in the nation and began spying on his conversations.

Captured

Some early wins over the Bolivian army were achieved by Che and his ragtag group around the middle of 1967. After losing a third of his group in a surprise firefight in August, he was left with approximately 20 troops and very few supplies by October. 

By this point, the Bolivian government had offered a $4,000 reward for information leading to Che’s capture or death. Back then, that was a substantial sum of money in rural Bolivia. The Bolivian government had finally begun to make headway against Che and his rebels by the first week of October.

Death

Che and his soldiers took a break in the Yuro ravine on October 7. Farmers in the area called the army, and they quickly arrived. Some rebels were killed, and Che was wounded in the leg during the ensuing fighting.

 He was apprehended on October 8 after telling his captors; his last words to his captors were, 

“My worth to you is greater while I am alive than in death,” stated Che Guevara. 

This statement emphasizes the importance of his presence and contributions in a way that cannot be replicated posthumously.

That night, he was questioned by army and CIA agents, but he did not have anything to tell them. 

His capture marked the end of the rebellion he led. Che was shot by Bolivian Army Sergeant Mario Terán after receiving the death order on October 9.

A Concise Overview of the Revolutionary Life of young Che Guevara

In 1953, Che Guevara backed the democratically elected government of Jacobo Rbenz in Guatemala. The government was passing a package of laws to equalize property rights. 

This turn of events bolsters the United States’ efforts to oust Rbenz from office. Anti-Rbenz propaganda was disseminated widely, anti-Rbenz guerillas were armed, and bombing flights were carried out by unidentified aircraft.

 The government was overthrown, and people thought to be communists were put to death. This incident solidified Guevara’s animosity towards American imperialism.

During this period, Guevara met influential Cuban exiles who would later influence his work. After completing his guerilla training in Guatemala, he moved on to Mexico. The Cuban Revolution was the next logical step in his career.

Che Guevara had a tough time during the Cuban Revolution. There was a lot of hardship at the beginning of the fight; 60 of the original 82 insurgents died. 

As a result, guerilla activity grew in Cuba’s rural areas. Despite being rigorous, Guevara became Fidel Castro’s second-in-command and was widely respected by those who interacted with him regularly.

 One reason for this is that Guevara oversaw the construction of numerous institutions designed to better the life of the rural inhabitants (and grow the guerilla movement), such as schools, workshops, and ovens.

Che’s extraordinary tactical prowess was displayed in the ensuing fighting when he triumphed despite overwhelming odds. His supporters and detractors agreed that he was incredibly courageous, even reckless.

In 1959, Guevara visited many countries, including those that participated in the Bandung Conference. In 1960, Che Guevara and Fidel Castro were at odds over ideological disagreements. Guevara claimed that he had accomplished his mission for the Cuban Revolution and so should leave the island.

He spent the following seven years advocating for democratic reform in numerous Latin American and African nations. Still, battles were bloody, and backing was few because few farmers wanted to adopt the lifestyle of a communist guerrilla or live in a region influenced by guerilla uprisings.

Young Che Guevara, then 39 years old, was tracked down and arrested in Bolivia in 1967. Even though there is no death penalty in Bolivia, his captors nonetheless decided to have him put to death rather than risk a possible life sentence. 

A prolonged trial would attract a lot of unwelcome attention from communist nations. This made his death heroic since he became the model of a martyr worthy of universal adulation.

Pesonal Life

How I Became a Revolutionary in the Company of Che

Hilda Gadea, Che Guevara’s first wife, provides an intimate portrait of the revolutionary leader, showing him in a new light as a romantic nomad, philosopher, and devoted husband and father. 

As political exiles, Ernesto Guevara and Hilda Gadea crossed paths in Guatemala. She and Hilda’s relationship flourished in Mexico, where they were eventually forced to seek refuge, in which Che’s political beliefs were strongly influenced by Hilda. 

Hilda said their married life was full of happiness and adventure, thanks to their interactions with the Castro family and other Cuban exiles. Gadea was there for Che Guevara when his life changed from a theoretical philosopher to a committed revolutionary. 

It Was Aleida March.

In December of 1958, Aleida March participated in Che Guevara’s Lightning Campaign as an active member of the armed forces. She participated in the fight for Las Villas, where Fidel Castro had Column 8 of the July 26 Movement drive out the occupying forces of President Fulgencio Batista’s military.

After his divorce from Hilda Gadea, rumors circulated that Che Guevara married her on either March 23, 1959, or June 2, 1959. The military fortification of La Cabaa was the site of a civil ceremony.

 Following their wedding on June 2, Guevara and Aleida spent their honeymoon in Tarara, a beach resort town about 20 km from Havana. Aleida, Camilo, Celia, and Ernesto were the names of the couple’s four children.

She wrote Evocation, which details her romance with Che Guevara, their marriage, and her subsequent role as primary carer to their four children following his death.

In 2012, she published Remembering Che: My Life with Che Guevara. Even within the chaos of war, we were able to share some beautiful days together. They made it easier for us to be ourselves around one another. We were a mixed bag of naiveté and brilliance.

 Still, we were all young and optimistic about our chances of eventual success. When we could, we played. The true revolutionary is guided by a strong feeling of love; Che would later write may appear somewhat absurd, yet it is difficult to envision a bona fide revolutionary who does not possess this characteristic.

Remembering Her Father, Che Guevara’s Daughter Says, “We Were Just a Normal Family.”

The daughter of communist revolutionary Che Guevara recalls her father, my father, with cigars in hand, chatting with close friend and fellow revolutionary Fidel Castro. 

Because of the camera’s perspective, my dad offers me a puff on his cigar. It seemed strange for him to light up in my presence. Since I was a kid when a photo was taken, I have yet to learn when or who took it. 

About the age of three, this happened to me. Although I was told that I was born at Havana’s Plaza de la Revolución in 1964, my actual date of birth is November 1960.

My mother and Che have four children, and I’m the oldest. Even though the world knew Papi as the Argentine revolutionary, guerrilla leader, and significant figure in the Cuban revolution, our family was no different than any other. 

As his daughter, I never once felt unique to him. As the offspring of two people who deeply cared for one other, I did feel like a particular person.

We kids didn’t like Papi at all. I was just six years old on October 9, 1967, when he was executed in Bolivia. After he passed away, our mother instilled in us his principles and kept his memory alive. She never tried to scold or threaten us through him. There was never a time when Papi wasn’t the hero.

My parents were adamant that we not be granted any special privileges. Therefore, we never did. My mother’s friends rallied around her when she became a widow with four young children. 

They tried to compensate for the lost love with material gifts, but it was never the same. My mum would never allow it. She meant,

 “You must have your feet firmly on the ground and let pass everything you haven’t earned yourselves.” 

That’s a valuable life lesson.

We had some rocky patches. She used the fabric from her old tops to sew trousers for my brothers when I was an adolescent. We played and laughed and were joyful. We experienced childhood in Cuba just like any other Cuban kid.

I felt at ease in Fidel’s company. I thought the world of him; I used to refer to him as “mi to,” which means “my uncle.” Until last year, when Dad passed away, I kept in touch with him. As he comforts me, I let go and smile. My dad and Fidel had a great relationship characterized by laughter, jokes, and trust.

Fidel wanted to be the one to tell us kids about Papi’s death. Still, my mum maintained it was her responsibility. But he told us that Papi had written a letter telling them not to mourn for him if he ever died in battle: 

When a man dies attempting to achieve what he wants, one does not need to. My mother called me to visit her the following day, and I found her in tears. She sat me on the bed and handed me Papi’s farewell letter.

“When you see this letter,” it read, “you will know I am no longer with you.” I, too, began to sob. The correspondence was brief. The message concluded, “Here’s a big kiss from Dad.” As far as I could tell, my dad was dead.

I’m a pediatrician still based in Havana and optimistic about Cuba’s prospects.

 Can I still believe in people? 

We can’t predict the future, but if we desire a better world, we can make it happen by making changes. The sooner it starts raining, the better. It is incumbent upon us to create that tomorrow.

Impact of Che Guevara

The Cultural Impact of Che Guevara

Che Guevara’s memorabilia is ubiquitous and has outlived his original film and television roles. His likeness is used in advertising and has become a ubiquitous, instantly recognizable emblem of coolness in fashion, home decor, and the media. The general public views this symbolism as benign, if not beneficent. 

There is much discussion and disagreement about the idea of commercializing Che. Commercialization, which many have called a capitalist necessity, has nonetheless tended to tame the revolutionary spirit. 

But, some scholars have warned that this trend could backfire by driving up the cost of living and alienating a new generation from the benefits of capitalism. 

With his commercialization, only some people would be familiar with Che Guevara or his causes. However, today’s outraged youth have an icon they can reimagine as a martyred hero who fought for the right to have and use the goods that older generations took for granted. 

The Cultural Impact of Che Guevara

Che Guevara’s memorabilia is ubiquitous and has outlived his original film and television roles. His likeness is used in advertising and has become a ubiquitous, instantly recognizable emblem of coolness in fashion, home decor, and the media. The general public views this symbolism as benign, if not beneficent.

There is much discussion and disagreement about the idea of commercializing Che. Commercialization, which many have called a capitalist necessity, has nonetheless tended to tame the revolutionary spirit.

But, some scholars have warned that this trend could backfire by driving up the cost of living and alienating a new generation from the benefits of capitalism.

With his commercialization, only some people would be familiar with Che Guevara or his causes. However, today’s outraged youth have an icon they can reimagine as a martyred hero who fought for the right to have and use the goods that older generations took for granted.

Criticisms of Che Guevara

The complex and ruthless aspect of Che Guevara was fundamental. He oversaw executions ordered by Fidel Castro. A total of 176 revolution foes, including several members of Batista’s secret police, were killed on Guevara’s orders. 

  • This argument conveniently ignores that most people who died at Guevara’s La Cabaa prison camp were former Batista regime officials who had committed crimes such as harsh repression and murder. 
  • The trials in La Cabaa were like Cuba’s version of the Nuremberg Trials. It’s important to remember that the trials were brief and thorough.

According to a last statement attributed to Guevara, he also participated in extrajudicial killings:

  • “Courtroom proof is not required to send men to the firing squad. These actions are really a quaint bourgeois custom of the past.
  • A cooperative, selfless, and anti-capitalist ideal revolutionary, the “new man” was another concept young Che Guevara developed. Anyone who didn’t live up to this standard faced severe consequences.
  •  Reports suggest that Guevara, like Castro, was homophobic and considered homosexuality to be a “bourgeois decadence.”
  • People who didn’t fit into the Cuban Revolution’s idealized portrayal of society were allegedly transported to labor camps that Che helped establish. Paul Berman, a journalist, claims that this group includes gays, dissidents, and those living with AIDS.
  • Che Guevara may have been a war criminal. Still, much of the anti-Che emotion stems from anti-communists who target him for being a communist rather than for his acts. 
  • It’s common to blame atrocities, even indirectly, on Che Guevara or other communist revolutionaries and leaders. She is being held responsible for the actions of others.
  •  Communist insurgencies and civil wars have grabbed the South American continent. Che Guevara is often held responsible, even in reputable media.
  • In discussing the “cult of Che,” numerous historians, authors, and journalists have expressed disapproval of Che Guevara’s current level of fame. 
  • The conservative American author Mark Falcoff attributes Che’s fame to “his capacity to provoke empathy among the spoiled youth of the affluent West.” At the same time, the Irish writer Sean O’Hagan claims that “if Che hadn’t been born so good-looking, he wouldn’t be a mythical revolutionary.”

There is no single conception of what Che Guevara stands for. Proponents on both sides of the political spectrum have misrepresented his life story, and the authenticity of his assertions is hotly contested.

Che’s controversial views on the face of individuality persist. Everyone operates under their own values and notions of right and wrong. Therefore, nations will always have differing views on what Che Guevara stands for. There shouldn’t even be.

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