A Short Biography of Queen Elizabeth 2, A Wonderful Lady
King George VI and of England of Great Britain had long reigns, but Queen Elizabeth II was the longest. In June of 2022, she celebrated being on the throne for 70 years with a Platinum Jubilee.
Where Did Queen Elizabeth II Come From?
On February 6, 1952, Elizabeth II was declared Queen and was crowned on June 2, 1953. She gave birth to Prince Charles, the future king, and was William and Harry’s grandmother. As the longest-reigning British Queen, Elizabeth sought to balance upholding royal traditions with being more in tune with the needs of a modern, progressive society.
On September 8, 2022, Elizabeth passed away at 96 years old.
Earlier Years of Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon was born in London in 1926 to Prince Albert, Duke of York.
Most people at Elizabeth’s birth could not foresee her future role as Queen of Great Britain. Elizabeth, known by her nickname Lilibet, spent her first decade of life basking in the perks of royal life without the added responsibility of being the next heir apparent.
It is known that Elizabeth’s parents spent time both in London and at Royal Lodge, the family’s residence in Windsor Great Park. Both Elizabeth and her younger sister Margaret had private teachers at home. Dance, music, and art classes rounded the curriculum alongside traditional subjects like French, arithmetic, and history.
After the United Kingdom’s Entry Into World War II in 1939,
Elizabeth and her sister spent much of their time at Windsor Castle. From this location in 1940, she gave the first of her now-famous radio broadcasts and a message meant to reassure the children of Britain who had been separated from their families due to the war. Young but confident, the princess of 14 assured them “that in the end, all would be fine; because God will care for us and give us triumph and peace.”
In 1942, Elizabeth assumed additional public responsibilities and debuted as the colonel-in-chief of the Grenadier Guards, a position bestowed upon her by her father. Additionally, she dutifully accompanied her parents on official visits across Britain.
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Queen Elizabeth II Enlisted in the Auxiliary Territorial Service in 1945 to do Her Part in the War Effort.
She learned to drive and repair cars alongside other British ladies. Though her time as a volunteer was brief, it gave Elizabeth a window into the lives of those outside the royal family. When she and Margaret were allowed to celebrate Victory in Europe Day among the common people without being recognized, it was another of her most memorable non-royal experiences.
Promotion to the Throne
Following the death of Elizabeth’s grandfather George V in 1936, Elizabeth’s uncle, King Edward VIII, assumed the throne. Unfortunately for Edward, he was deeply in love with American divorcee Wallis Simpson and had to decide between his country and his heart. After much deliberation, Edward agreed to relinquish the throne in favour of his friend Simpson.
The unexpected turn of events made her the heir apparent to the British throne. Her father has crowned King George VI in 1937 and continued the family tradition by adopting the name George. After King George VI died in 1952, Elizabeth’s mother became Queen Elizabeth, and then Elizabeth II succeeded her as monarch.
At what age did Elizabeth become Queen?
Westminster Abbey witnessed the coronation of the Queen on June 2, 1953, when her age was only 25 years old.
Elizabeth became monarch when her father, King George VI, died on February 6, 1952. This year’s coronation was the first to be televised, allowing viewers worldwide to participate in the ceremony’s traditional pomp and pageantry.
Prince Philip, the husband, is the distant cousin of Queen Elizabeth II. They wed on November 20, 1947, in Westminster Abbey in London.
When Elizabeth was 13 years old, she met Philip, the Greek prince, the son of her late father’s Greek benefactor, Prince Andrew. From the very beginning, she had a crush on him. After knowing each other for some time, these two developed romantic feelings.
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A Strange Couple Indeed!
While Philip was loud and talkative, Elizabeth was shy and introverted. While Mountbatten had connections to the Danish and Greek royal families, her father, King George VI, was concerned about the marriage because of rumours that he was a tyrant and not particularly wealthy.
As Great Britain was still rebuilding after WWII, Elizabeth had to use clothes coupons to pay for the fabric for her wedding dress.
Her mother and Prime Minister Winston Churchill campaigned for the family to adopt the surname Windsor, which caused friction between her and her husband. In 1960, she changed her mind and mandated that all her non-royal offspring use Mountbatten-Windsor’s surname for official purposes (such as weddings).
Over the years, Philip has caused countless P.R. nightmares with his caustic, off-the-cuff remarks and whispers of suspected infidelity.
Philip passed away at the ripe old age of 99 on April 9, 2021.
Elizabeth and Philip’s Offspring Didn’t Spend Any Time Starting a Family:
Their son Charles was born the year after they tied the knot (1948), and their daughter Anne followed two years later (1950). Elizabeth’s subsequent boys, Andrew and Edward, were born to her in 1960 and 1964.
She formally anointed Charles as Prince of Wales as her successor in 1969. Hundreds of millions of viewers watched the ceremony unfold on their televisions.
Charles, at 32, married Diana Spencer, just 19, and the couple had two children. Later, rumours surfaced that Charles’s family had forced him into the marriage.
Numerous Londoners Attended the Wedding, and Many More Watched it on Television.
Public support for the monarchy was at an all-time high at the time in question.
Generations of Grandchildren and Great-Grandchildren
In 1982 and 1984, her grandchildren Prince William and Prince Harry, Elizabeth’s grandsons, were born to Charles and Diana. William, who became the Duke of Cambridge following his marriage in 2011, is now the second in line to the throne.
Elizabeth has proven herself to be a loving grandma to William and Harry. As Prince William and Kate Middleton arranged their wedding in 2011, she reportedly gave them vital support and guidance.
In 2013, prince william had a son named Prince George of Cambridge, who is in line for the throne.
The Queen’s Fifth Great-Grandchild,
William and Kate welcomed their daughter, Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana, on May 2, 2015. Prince Louis Arthur Charles was the third child and joined the family on April 23, 2018.
Another great-grandchild was added to the Queen’s family on May 6, 2019, when Prince Harry, Duke of Sussex, and Meghan Markle gave birth to their son, Archie Harrison Mountbatten-Windsor.
The Queen has many grandchildren, including Prince William and Prince Harry; she counted ten great-grandchildren among her many blessings.
Queen Elizabeth II Parents Held the Titles of Duke and Duchess of York.
Prince Albert, Duke of York, was the eldest child of Queen Mary and King George V. He was her father. Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, a Lady, was her mother.
Elizabeth maintained relationships with the vast majority of European rulers.
During Her Long and Relatively Peaceful Reign, Queen Elizabeth 2
During her long and relatively peaceful reign, Queen Elizabeth 2 oversaw significant shifts in the standard of living for her subjects, the strength of the British government, the prestige of the British monarchy overseas, and the public’s perception of the monarchy at home.
As a constitutional queen, Elizabeth refrained from taking a stand on political issues or discussing her political beliefs. Still, she has frequent meetings with her prime ministers.
After World War II,
Britain maintained a sizable empire, dominions, and dependents when Elizabeth became monarch. However, in the 1950s and 1960s, several of these colonies gained independence, and the British Empire morphed into the Commonwealth of Nations.
Queen Elizabeth II travelled internationally as the head of the Commonwealth and a representative of Britain, including a historic visit to Germany in 1965. She was the first British monarch to visit the country in over half a century. Elizabeth kept up her extensive travel schedule throughout the 1970s and 1980s
. In 1973, she went to Ottawa, Canada, for the Commonwealth Conference; in 1976, she came to the United States to celebrate the 200th anniversary of American independence from Britain. A week later, she went to Canada to kick off the Summer Olympics in Montreal. Her 1979 trip to the Middle East and North Africa earned her acclaim and admiration worldwide.
Helicopter Pilot For the British Royal Navy
As flying a helicopter for the British Royal Navy during the Falklands War 1982, Elizabeth feared her second son, Prince Andrew. In response to Argentina’s occupation of British territory in the Falkland Islands, Britain and Argentina engaged in a protracted conflict.
While more than 250 British soldiers were killed in action, the return of Prince Andrew, who was just 18, to a healthy and grateful mother was a welcome sight.
By making history as the first British Queen to visit Ireland since 1911, Elizabeth II proved in 2011 that the monarchy still possessed symbolic and diplomatic significance (when all of Ireland was still part of the United Kingdom).
During Her Reign, Queen Elizabeth 2
Elizabeth relaxed the monarchy’s strict etiquette by opening up previously closed palaces and museums to the general public. In 2012, as the United Kingdom and other countries suffered economically, the Civil List, a public funding scheme of the monarchy stretching back nearly 250 years, was disbanded. Although Queen Elizabeth II has reduced royal spending, the royal family still receives some government support.
Her 90th Birthday,
As she neared her 90th Birthday, Elizabeth remained dedicated to her royal duties despite periodic requests to make way for Charles. She makes over 400 yearly appearances and donates to hundreds of different causes.
While the Queen observed everything from a nearby balcony on Remembrance Sunday, November 12, 2017, Charles took on the traditional duty of laying a wreath at the Cenotaph war memorial, marking a significant step towards transitioning to the next generation of the monarchy.
On November 12, 2017, Charles took on the customary Remembrance
In August 2019, Elizabeth made an unusual foray into political concerns by granting Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s request to prorogue (halt) Parliament until October 14. This was fewer than three weeks before Britain was scheduled to leave the European Union.
Association With Prime Ministers
During Her Reign, Elizabeth Appointed Fifteen Prime Ministers;
She and each of them held weekly private meetings. (Elizabeth also met around one-quarter of all U.S. presidents in history; she hosted Joe Biden on a state visit in June 2021).
She had a close, fatherly relationship with Winston Churchill and could relax and be more casual with later Labour Party leaders like Harold Wilson and James Callaghan. However, the Queen’s relationship with former prime minister Margaret Thatcher was cold and formal, with Thatcher frequently lecturing the monarch on her views on many matters.
Blair thought some ideas about the monarchy were old-fashioned, but he respected Elizabeth for speaking out after Diana’s death.
Conservative leader and Elizabeth’s fifth cousin once removed, David Cameron, became close to the monarch later. After he overheard her express opposition to Scotland’s 2014 referendum for independence from the United Kingdom, he publicly apologized in 2015.
Theresa May has been rumoured to be secretive about the U.K.’s preparations to leave the E.U., leading to concerns from Queen Elizabeth that she is being kept in the dark.
Dangers to the Queen and the Royal Family
Elizabeth strove valiantly to preserve the monarchy’s reputation and ensure its continued success. Unfortunately, she lived through an assault on the monarchy. Once held in high regard, the institution has been through rough times, including threats against the royal family’s lives.
Lord Mountbatten was Elizabeth’s husband’s uncle, and he was killed in a terrorist explosion in 1979, causing her great personal pain. Mountbatten’s yacht exploded off the west coast of Ireland on August 27, killing him and several family members.
One of his grandsons, along with two other people, and him. The (IRA), a terrorist organization that fights against British control in Northern Ireland, claimed responsibility for the bombing.
A Close Call of Her Own
Elizabeth had a close call of her own in June 1981. During the Trooping, the Colour, a special military procession held in honour of her official Birthday, a man in the crowd pulled a gun on Elizabeth as she rode by. He let loose a shot, but the gun was empty. The Queen was frightened but otherwise unharmed.
The next year, an even closer call occurred when an assailant broke into Buckingham Palace and accosted Elizabeth in her bedroom. Prince Philip’s apparent absence from the scene prompted media speculation about the health of the royal marriage.
Elizabeth’s son, Charles’s marriage to Diana was a media sensation for years before they announced their divorce in 1992. and then filed for divorce in 1996. Following Diana’s death in a vehicle crash in Paris on August 31, 1997, Elizabeth was the subject of considerable media attention. Because of how well-liked her ex-daughter-in-law was, she was sometimes referred to as “the People’s Princess.”
The Queen and Prince Charles hosted the royal family in Balmoral, Scotland, including their sons William and Harry. When Elizabeth remained mute for days after Diana’s death, she received heavy criticism.
Diana and Royal Funeral,
The Queen allegedly did not want to give Diana a royal funeral, adding gasoline to the fire of popular hatred. Almost a week after Princess Diana’s death, Elizabeth returned to London and publicly remarked about her.
Elizabeth was initially against the romance between her son Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles. Charles and Camilla had been together for years before he met his family, but their relationship had been put on hold due to pressure from Charles’s relatives.
She had a reputation for being rigid about following protocol, but there were hints of a change in her attitude over time. Elizabeth did not attend the civil ceremony when Charles and Camilla married in 2005; they did attend a religious blessing and hosted a reception in their honour at Windsor Castle.
In 1992, the Tabloids Published Images of Prince Andrew’s wife,
Sarah Ferguson is having an affair with another man. Andrew was another of Elizabeth’s children to make headlines. The marriage ended in divorce not long after.
In November 2017, it was reported that the Queen had approximately $13 million invested in offshore accounts. The so-called “Paradise Papers” were leaked to a German newspaper, which then shared with the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, breaking the story.
The Duchy of Lancaster,
Which manages the Queen’s finances, admitted that it has some abroad accounts but asserted that its holdings are above board.
The former proprietor of the lingerie manufacturer Rigby & Peller, who had served Queen Elizabeth for over 50 years, published a tell-all autobiography in 2017. Despite the writer’s protests that “the book doesn’t include anything bad,” the Queen replied at the beginning of 2018 by cancelling Rigby & Peller’s royal warrant.
After years of media scrutiny regarding his questionable financial dealings and association with convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein, Prince Andrew finally resigned from his public position in 2019.
The family was thrust back into the public eye in January 2020 when the Duke and Duchess of Sussex shockingly announced that they were resigning from their high royal positions.
The Pain of Loss
Two significant losses occurred to Elizabeth after the turn of the new millennium. 2002, In 2002, the year of her Golden Jubilee, she also said farewell to her sister Margaret and mother.
Margaret died in February after a stroke; she was recognized for having a more daring spirit than other royals and for being forbidden to marry an early love. After the celebrations of the Diamond Jubilee ended, Elizabeth’s mother, the Queen Mother, passed away on March 30 at 101 at the Royal Lodge.
In 2012, Elizabeth Marked 60 Years as Queen With a Celebration Called the Diamond Jubilee.
On June 4, as part of the jubilee celebrations, a special BBC concert took place, with performers including Shirley Bassey, Paul McCartney, Tom Jones, Stevie Wonder, and Kylie Minogue. Elizabeth’s husband, Philip, son Charles, and grandsons Harry and William were all present for this momentous occasion.
With her 63 years as monarch, Elizabeth became Britain’s longest-reigning monarch on September 9, 2015.
It’s a Sapphire Jubilee
Royal Gun Salutes Were Fired at Green Park and the Tower of London in London.
In addition, the Royal Mint released eight brand-new Sapphire Jubilee commemorative coins.
This year marks the Platinum Jubilee!
Elizabeth’s platinum jubilee year was 2022. When she reached 70 years on the throne, she became the first British monarch to do so.
On September 8, 2022, Queen passed away in the comfort of her Balmoral mansion. A 96-year-old woman, she was
For Many Years of Her Reign,
The Queen enjoyed the company of dogs as a hobby. She had more than 30 corgi offspring from the first one she got as a teenager until the death of her last one, Willow, in 2018.
In addition to being a sports fan, Elizabeth spent many years attending horse races and breeding thoroughbred horses.
Elizabeth was not a fan of the limelight and preferred low-key activities. She was rumoured to have liked watching wrestling on T.V., reading mysteries and doing crosswords.
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