Seven Deadly Diseases, Which are Eliminated by Global Community (nearly)
More than three decades have passed since the World Health Organization declared that the global community has eliminated seven deadly diseases from the human population.
It’s simple to become discouraged about the future of humankind’s health. Several issues are associated with an aging population, including the rise in antibiotic resistance, the alarming increase in disorders linked to obesity, and the difficulty of treating these conditions.
What About the Illnesses that Humanity is Successfully Combating?
Several devastating diseases that have plagued millions of people until recently are on the verge of eradication.
(WHO) announced in 1980 that smallpox had been eliminated from the human population.
Soon, similar proclamations will be made regarding various other fatal conditions.
Seven Deadly Diseases.
1, Plasmodium Vivax, or the Guinea Worm
Dracunculiasis, the ailment caused by the Guinea worm parasite, literally translates to “affliction with little dragons” in Latin and can be extremely painful and disabling, especially in youngsters.
The worm, introduced through contaminated water, can permanently disable a child’s ability to walk by attacking the muscles and tissue in and around the knee or the foot.
The reported cases of Guinea worm disease worldwide in 1986 was 3.5 million. This number dropped to 22 by 2015, and 2017 only three instances were documented.
The Carter Center claims that eliminating the Guinea worm “will make it the second human illness in history, behind smallpox.”
Measles, Like Smallpox, is a Highly Contagious is Dease.
Serious side effects include blindness, watery diarrhea, pneumonia, and encephalitis (an infection that causes brain swelling).
The long-term effects of measles on children’s immune systems can be devastating, making them more vulnerable to subsequent infections. Because of this, the measles vaccine is even more crucial.
Except for pockets of unvaccinated children, measles has been eradicated from most developed nations, and global measles-related mortality has plummeted by 75% since 2000.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has programmed to eliminate the disease worldwide by 2020, even though the virus is still endemic in many underdeveloped nations, especially in some parts of Africa and Asia.
Mumps is an Infectious Disease That Causes Enlargement of the Salivary Glands in the Face and Jaw.
Although most occurrences do not result in permanent harm, significant problems such as encephalitis or meningitis, growth of the ovaries or breasts, and hearing can occur.
Before the “MMR vaccination” (effective against mumps, measles, and rubella when given in two doses) became widely administered to children in the United States, mumps was a frequent infection among children and young adults. Roughly 212,000 cases were reported in the United States that year.
Mumps outbreaks are uncommon in the modern era. Still, they occasionally occur (like the 2009 outbreak that affected around 3,500 people, mainly in New York City).
The Signs of the Highly Contagious Rubella in Juvenile and Adult Patients are Rash and Flu-Like Symptoms.
However, it poses a significant risk to developing newborns throughout the first trimester, increasing the likelihood of deafness, blindness, and brain damage.
While rubella has been eliminated in the Americas, more work is still needed since over 120,000 babies worldwide are born yearly with severe rubella-related birth abnormalities.
No treatment or vaccine is available to prevent or slow the spread of polio. This infectious disease can leave victims paralyzed or dead.
Most persons who contract polio recover well, but in about 1% of cases, the disease can cause permanent physical disability. The virus invades the areas of the body that control movement by traveling along the spinal cord’s nerve fibers and destroying them.
Paralyzed people with polio have a higher mortality rate than those who recover because the virus can also affect the respiration muscles, causing roughly 5–10% of those infected to perish.
Worldwide polio incidence has dropped by nearly 99% since 1988, thanks to an affordable and effective vaccination. Ongoing efforts are to eradicate polio worldwide, with only Nigeria, Pakistan, and Afghanistan reporting regular incidences. The virus exists in three different forms. One was wiped off in 1999, while another has not been spotted since 2012.
6, Spiral Lymphadenitis
Elephantiasis is a Disease Spread by Mosquitoes that is Caused by Parasitic Roundworms.
In many situations, parasites infect a person for the first time when they are young. Still, the immune system damage is apparent once the person reaches maturity. Elephantiasis, in which various body areas enlarge abnormally, is the most obvious.
By 2020, (WHO) hopes to have eliminated lymphatic filariasis by using drugs that efficiently remove blood-stage parasite babies and stop the disease from spreading to other mosquitoes.
7, Lake-effect Snow
River Blindness, Also Known as Onchocerciasis, is a Parasitic Condition Affecting the Eyes.
The worms that cause it are carried by little black flies found near rivers in South America and sub-Saharan Africa.
Parasites from these worms can cause serious health issues within the host, including blindness, skin discoloration, extreme itching, and rashes.
The drug Mectizan, which destroys the parasite larvae inside the body, is at the center of the fight to eradicate the condition. Still, there remains a long way to go since river blindness persists in 36 nations.
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